Rottweiler Facts

Many times Rottweiler ‘facts’ are learned from newspapers, TV shows and the next door neighbor – not the best way to get accurate information!

Rottweilers are one of those breeds that have a ‘reputation’, and the perception many people have of them isn’t even close to the reality.

Years spent owning, training and loving these amazing dogs has taught me a lot about them. I hope these Rottweiler facts will help you to get a feel for the real Rottweiler, because he/she is definitely worth getting to know!


Rottweiler Facts – History & Origins

Although the Rottweiler breed we recognize today originated in Germany in the early part of the 20th century, it has a history that goes much further back and crosses Europe.

There is no documented history for the very early beginnings of the Rottweiler, but it’s believed to have be descended from the dogs that traveled across Europe with the Roman army.

These early dogs are usually described as being of ‘mastiff type’ and probably bear only a passing resemblence to todays Rottie.

The name ‘Rottweiler’ comes from the name of a town in Germany, Rottweil, which was built on the site of Roman baths. The red tiles that were excavated there gave the town it’s name – ‘das Rot Wil’ which translates as the red tile’.

These early ancestors of today’s dogs were working dogs, and were usually used for droving cattle or protecting people and property.

The first official Breed Standard for the Rottweiler was compiled in 1901.

Rottweilers - a German breed

The first Rottweiler Breed Clubs were formed in 1907, in Heidelberg, Germany. This town is now often referred to as the ‘true birthplace of the Rottweiler’.

The first Rottweiler was imported from Germany into the USA in 1928, and into the UK in 1936.

The breed had a surge in popularity during the 1980’s and 90’s and reached the Number 4 on the AKC List of Popular Breeds in 1998. Then (as so often happens when a breed becomes a ‘fad’) there was a slump.

ln 2008 the Rottie placed at Number 14, but since then its’ star has been on the rise again. In 2011 the Rottweiler was at #10, and 2012 figures show it at #9.


Rottweiler Facts – Breed Standard & Character

Although a very early breed standard was written by Albert Kull in 1883, the official Rottweiler Breed Standard was established in 1921 and has remained largely unchanged since then.

Today many people think of the Rottweiler breed as a ‘giant breed’ and some breeders strive (unwisely in my opinion) to breed extra-large dogs.

However, the Rottweiler Breed Standard usually describes them as being a ‘medium to large sized dog’.

A male Rottie should measure between 24 and 27 inches (at the shoulder), and a female between 22 and 23 inches. Weight should fall somewhere between 75 and 130 lbs. Females being toward the lower end of the range.

The coat should be black, with tan, rust or mahogany ‘points’. It’s a double coat, strong coarse top coat which is black, often with a grey or red undercoat. Black lips, gums and paw pads and nails. Dark brown eyes.

Occasionally a purebred ‘Red Rottweiler’ can be produced but they’re rare. Click here to find out more about why this happens and what it means.

The Rottweiler temperament isn’t that of an aggressive, vicious dog (as so many people mistakenly believe).

The breed standard calls for a ‘calm, confident and courageous dog’, and some of the words I would use to describe my Rotties are….. brave, strong, intelligent, reserved, hardworking, devoted, loyal, goofy (need I say more?)

To get a good idea of what a well-bred Rottweiler looks like, check out my Rottweiler Breed Standard page.

It compares excerpts from both the AKC (USA) and ADRK (German) Breed Standards, and really helps to paint a picture of the perfect Rottweiler!


Rottweiler Facts – Health

Although Rotties are big strong dogs, like any other breed they have their weaknesses and a predisposition to certain problems. Here are some of the more common rottweiler facts in terms of health conditions ……

  • Hip Dysplasia & Elbow Dysplasia – improperly formed joints which can cause lameness in varying degrees.
  • Heart Disease – Sub Aortic stenosis is the most common form of heart problem seen in Rottweilers and can lead to canine congestive heart failure.
  • Rupture Of The Cruciate Ligament – Tearing of the ligaments in the rear legs. Causes instability and lameness.
  • Canine Bloat (also known as Torsion or Gastric Dilation & Volvulation or GDV) – When the stomach fills with gas and distends rapidly then twists abnormally.
  • Entropion – The eyelid turns inwards irritating the surface of the eye.
  • Skin Irritations & Canine Allergies.
  • Cancer – Particularly Bone Cancer
  • Demodectic Mange – Parasitic disease, causing skin irritation and hair loss.
  • Highly predisposed to Canine Parvovirus – A very virulent and serious viral illness which usually (but not always) affects puppies and can kill within 24 hours.

Rottweiler life span is on the shorter end of the scale, partly because of their size and partly because of the health problems this breed is predisposed to.

The average life expectancy of a Rottweiler is currently only 9 (human) years.


Did You Know?

Here are some interesting facts about Rottweilers that you might not have heard before…

  • The very earliest Rottweiler standard allowed various coat colors including red, blue, grey and ‘tiger striped’. White markings were also common. (Learn about these coat colors today on my Rare Rottweilers page)
  • Rottweilers are slow to mature, and aren’t usually considered adult until around 2 years of age. (I have a male who didn’t reach his full adult size until he was almost 3!).
  • The average life expectancy for a Rottweiler is somewhere between 7 and 10 years.
  • Many Rotties ‘talk’. It’s a low, grumbling sort of sound – not to be confused with growling. I love it when mine do this, and it seems to me that it’s a bit like a cat purring!
  • Rottweilers shed – A LOT! They may have a short coat that looks like it’s wash-n-wear, but don’t let that fool you. You’ll need to groom your Rottie regularly and loose dog hair will become a part of your life.
  • The Rottweiler tendency to lean against people is a throw-back to the days when they were cattle drovers. They used to lean against the cattle to get them to move in a particular direction.
  • Between the 12th and 29th Centuries the Rottweiler was also known as the ‘Metzgerhund’ or ‘Butchers Dog’ as he was used to protect the Butchers’ money on trips to and from markets.
  • Rotties are working dogs, and they’re happiest when they have a job to do. Some activities that your dog can excel at include obedience, tracking, carting, and Schutzhund (a mixture of advanced obedience, protection and tracking.
  • Rottweilers make great service dogs and many of them work as Police, Search & Rescue, Customs, Guide or Therapy dogs.


Note: The word ‘Rottweiler’ is a tricky one, and it is often spelled wrongly! Some common mis-spellings are ‘Rottweiller, Rottweiler, Rottwiler or Rotweiler’.

When you’re looking for information on this breed, take extra care when typing in the search terms. The correct spelling will help a lot!




About The Rotty lover 2122 Articles
My name is Dr. Winnie. I earned a Bachelor of Science in Psychology from Duke University, a Masters of Science in Biology from St Georges University, and graduated from the University of Pretoria Veterinary School in South Africa. I have been an animal lover and owners all my life having owned a Rottweiler named Duke, a Pekingese named Athena and now a Bull Mastiff named George, also known as big G! I'm also an amateur equestrian and love working with horses. I'm a full-time Veterinarian in South Africa specializing in internal medicine for large breed dogs. I enjoy spending time with my husband, 2 kids and Big G in my free time. Author and Contribturor at SeniorTailWaggers, A Love of Rottweilers, DogsCatsPets and TheDogsBone


  1. I found your page very interesting and makes me want to learn more about my dogs . I have a 3 year old male and a two year old female , they are just the best thing in my life , I have always had rotties since I was in my twenties and I’m now in my 50’s I wouldn’t have another breed of dog , Rottweilers are so loving , loyal , fun and amazing with children I can’t fault them , it’s such a shame that so many other people do , I often get abuse for having them , it’s sad people are so ignorant

  2. I read your page because I was interested in finding out about the Rottweiler being talkative. Your site confirmed that they do growl for non aggressive reasons. People often think my Arlo is growling but he just likes to talk to everyone. He is 2 years old but I have recently discovered he also has a natural ability to herd sheep. Rottweilers are amazing dogs.

  3. I am writing a Children’s Book where the lead character is Ray, a 4-year-old Rottweiler. He was a seeing eye dog but after the death of his human, he finds himself living on the streets as a stray. Yes, he is labeled a threat but all he wants is to belong to a human family. The journey is one to remember as Ray shows he has nothing but love and devotion to give.

  4. Rotties are the only breed I will have. My Bella is my baby. She is the most spoiled Rotten Rottie I have ever seen. She tore both ACLs and has to take medication, she talks to me and listens well also. Just wanted to say Rotties Rock

  5. Love this breed, I’ve had 4 Rottweiler dogs. They are the smartest dogs, with training a breed you Won’t be disappointed in. Personality is something your happy dog will smother you with , and yes they have a great sense of humor.Strong, Loyal, and very loving dogs.

  6. I have a Rotwailer,an awesome much protective an caring.It has a natural ability to identify friend or foe.I love her mischief

  7. I have 2 rottweiler pups. 12 weeks old. They are beautiful, strong dogs. For some strange reason, they are eating up my car bumpers and number plates. I have half a dozen soft and hard chew toys, but they want to destroy my car. They just went to the vet today for a round of innoculations and i have to take them back in for one more innoculation. They havent been eating well in the past two days though…the vet checked them out and cant seem to find any problems with them. And i am feeding them a premium quality food. Any advise from you would be appreciated. THANKS

  8. I have a 6 month bitch she loves people @ dogs down the beach we walk on the prom at6 oclock am morn @ 3 walks on the field every day she loves it I had one befor she was 9 when she died so so very intelligent hurts so mutch when they die I feed my rotti arden grange igive mine a broom head to chew @ raw carrots @ she still likes to cew I have an old stoole whitch she likes to cew

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